Pathways to Freedom: Maryland and the Underground Railroad
About the Underground Railroad
about the underground railroad
following the footsteps
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Did all slaves live on plantations?

Many slaves lived on large farms or plantations. They planted and harvested crops. Tobacco was an important crop in Maryland. Other slaves lived in towns and cities. Slaves lived in Annapolis, Baltimore, Easton, Frederick, and all of the towns across Maryland. Many lived on small farms. In addition to working in the fields, slaves often learned skilled crafts and worked as carpenters, blacksmiths, or builders. Others worked in mines and mills. Some worked as servants in wealthy people's homes. In towns, a few worked in shops, hotels, and other businesses.

Plantation House
Many slaves worked on plantations like this one in St. Mary’s County, Maryland.

Could any slaves read and write?

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