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Teacher Reading Tips: Before, During, and After Reading Strategies

In this section, you can´┐Ż

  • See when to employ reading strategies
  • Learn about specific strategies
  • Review assessment strategies
  • Review instruction with these strategies
  • Read suggested materials

    Assessing Strategies Currently there are several methods that classroom teachers can use to assess strategy use in their students. These methods are: observation, informal strategy assessments, and the use of a system to code oral reading (miscue analysis and running records).

    Observation
    Of the eleven strategies listed on the table, a number of them can be at least partially detected through observation.

    • Previewing and utilizing text structure — Observing students before and while they read for evidence of previewing. Does the student look through the book or immediately begin reading? Does the student appear to be looking at the pictures, charts, and other graphic information, before, during, and after reading?

    • Employing vocabulary techniques — Observing whether students pause and reread, write a word down, or look words up in a glossary or dictionary.

    • Monitoring comprehension — Observing whether students show signs of either understanding or lack of understanding while they read, such as; an appropriate emotional reaction, a look of puzzlement, stopping to reread or accessing graphic support.

    • Checking for understanding — Observing pauses in reading that might indicate an attempt to reflect or process a portion of text.
    Informal Strategy Assessment
    In addition to observations, teachers can use informal methods to assess strategies. Teachers can ask individuals or groups of students what they think about or do before, during, and after reading. Teachers can use student responses to determine how many and which ones are used.

    Review instruction with these strategies

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