Pathways to Freedom: Maryland and the Underground Railroad
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Museums and Historical Sites

Historical Sites

There are many rich resources in Maryland if you are interested in the Underground Railroad and the history of Slavery. To get more information about these and additional places of interest, you should contact local historical societies.

Eastern Maryland

Dorchester County

Harriet Tubman Birthplace Marker

Bucktown, Md.
Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman grew up on the Edward Brodas plantation in Bucktown, Md., with her mother, father, and siblings before her escape in 1849. The land here is now being farmed by a private owner, but there is a historical marker on Greenbriar Road (Route 397) near Bucktown Road to commemorate the birthplace of this great Maryland heroine.

Harriet Tubman Memorial Garden
Cambridge, Md.
This site along U.S. Route 50 was opened in 2000 as a tribute to the life of Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman.

Dorchester County Courthouse
Cambridge, Md.
The Dorchester County Courthouse at 206 High Street was the site of Samuel Green, Sr.'s trial. Green, a free Black man, was arrested in 1857, having been implicated in his son Samuel Green, Jr.'s escape to Canada on the Underground Railroad after law enforcement discovered a copy of the book Uncle Tom's Cabin in his home. This Courthouse also housed the lawsuit to settle the legal ownership issue of Harriet Tubman's mother and siblings between 1849 and 1854. In one of her 19 daring rescue missions, Tubman helped relatives Keziah and John Bowley escape from the Courthouse in the early 1850s. The Courthouse also regularly hosted slave auctions.

Talbot County

Frederick Douglass Birthplace Marker
Tuckahoe, Md.
Frederick Douglass [link], one the nation's greatest African-American leaders, was born in Tuckahoe, Md., in 1817. A historical marker honoring his birthplace is placed on Route 328, Matthewstown Road, on the banks of the Tuckahoe River.

Wye Plantation
Easton, Md.
The Wye Plantation is where Frederick Douglass was enslaved for part of his youth. He wrote of his experiences there in his autobiography My Bondage and Freedom. At about age seven, Douglass spent a year and a half in and around the Great House Farm, the center of the Wye Plantation, where he first experienced the horrors of slavery. Today, the Wye Plantation is privately owned.

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