Pathways to Freedom: Maryland and the Underground Railroad
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James Pennington
Harriet Tubman
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Caroline Hammond
Josiah Henson
Charles Ball
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Caroline Hammond

Caroline Hammond was born in 1844. She was the daughter of a free man and a slave woman. Because her mother was a slave, Caroline Hammond was one too. When she was young, Hammond and her mother were slaves on a farm. The farm was in a town called Davidsonville. It was about three miles from the South River in Anne Arundel County. In the 1930s, the US Government collected the stories about slavery. Caroline Hammond was one of the people they interviewed. At the time of the interview, she was 94 years old.

  Read and listen to the entire interview with Caroline Hammond. Go to the interactive »
(Clicking on the link will open a new browser window)
Note: The audio you will hear is a dramatic reading of the text.

Look at a short section of the narrative:

  • The cruelty of Mrs. Davidson, the plantation owner's wife.

  • A good job for a free black man.

  • How Hammond's father planned to "purchase" her mother's freedom.

    Read another primary source document.

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