Pathways to Freedom: Maryland and the Underground Railroad
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What routes did the Underground Railroad follow through Maryland?

There were many different routes that enslaved people took as they traveled north to freedom. One route out of Maryland was that frequently used by Harriet Tubman. She led her groups, beginning on foot, up the Eastern Shore of Maryland and into Delaware. Several stations were in the vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware. From Delaware the group traveled on to Philadelphia or other places in southeastern Pennsylvania. From there, many traveled further north. Some settled in Massachusetts or New York. Many continued through New York state and on into Canada.

Those who were escaping also boarded boats that sailed up the Chesapeake Bay. They could sail from the many towns located directly on the Bay or from cities that were on rivers that flowed into the Bay. Baltimore was the largest such city. The Chesapeake Bay was a main route to freedom. Many ship's pilots were African Americans who hid fugitives and helped them on their way. Some white captains were also conductors for the Underground Railroad. Because many blacks, both free and enslaved, were sailors, it was very common to see African American men on ships, so their presence did not arouse too much suspicion.

How could enslaved people travel on trains or ships without being discovered?

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